Project Description

Qawl-ul-Mufeed Fee Adillatit Tawheed

By

Abu Ibraheem Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab

 bin ‘Ali Al-Wasaabee Al-‘Abdalee

Foreword by

The Noble Shaikh

Abu Abdur-Rahmaan Muqbil ibn Haadee Al-Waad’ee

 

Translated by

Abu Naasir Abid bin Basheer

First Edition, January 1999

 

Copyright 1999 by Invitation To Islam.

 

 

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the express permission of the copyright owner.

 

 

Cover design:  

 

Typeset by:

 

Printed by:       Impeks (0181 518 3433)

 

Published by:   Invitation To Islam

P.O. Box 7325

Walthamstow,

London

E17 9TX


Translator’s Introduction

 

 

All praise is due to Allaah. May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon His final Messenger and his family and all his noble Companions. To proceed:

 

Before you is the translation of the book “Qawl-ul-Mufeed Fee Adillatit Tawheed”  (The Beneficial Sayings Regarding the Evidences of Tawheed) written by the Noble Shaikh Abu Ibraheem Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab Al-Wasaabee, may Allaah preserve and keep him steadfast upon the Sunnah.

 

Shaikh Abu Ibraheem is one of the foremost students of the Defender of the Sunnah, the enemy of Hizbiyyah (partisanship), the Muhaddith Al-Allaamah Abu Abdur-Rahmaan Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waad’ee, who provides the Foreword to this book.

 

This book discusses the issue of Tawheed-singling out Allaah alone for worship in all its forms. The Shaikh brings numerous verses and prophetic narrations to show the evidences for Tawheed in a simple and clear style. This makes the book very useful for memorising these evidences and in fact this book is currently used for that purpose inside and outside Yemen by the scholars of the Sunnah. The Shaikh also simplifies important concepts by making appropriate classifications to aid memorisation.

 

Hence this important book is a must for all Muslims to comprehend and those are able to memorise it should, by the Permission of Allaah, try to do so and then teach it to others.

 

However the purpose of this book is not mere memorisation rather this must be accompanied by action. Every verse and noble hadeeth should be acted upon in a way which changes our lives irreversibly, drawing us closer to our Lord upon the Sunnah of His Noble Prophet and the understanding of the Companions.

 

I pray to Allaah, the Most Gracious, that this book is beneficial to all the Muslims and that He gives them the ability to act upon the verses and the hadeeth contained in it. I ask Him, the Most High, to guide us to the Truth and to strengthen us upon it. I pray He establishes us firmly upon the methodology of the early Muslims and does not throw us into misguidance after He has blessed us with guidance. Oh Turner of the hearts, strengthen our hearts upon your Deen!

 

I pray He, the Most High, makes all our deeds sincerely seeking His Majestic Face, in hope of His Reward on:

 

The Day when neither wealth nor children will avail. Except the one comes to Allaah with a sound heart (free from shirk and hypocrisy).[1]

 

Our final call is for the Praise of the Lord of the Worlds. May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon His Messenger, his Pure Family and his Noble Companions and all those who follow them in righteousness up until the Last Day.

Abu Naasir

London

11th Shawwaal 1419AH

 

Foreword

By The Learned Shaikh

Muqbil ibn Haadee Al-Waad’ee

 

 

All Praise is due to Allaah. May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon His Messenger, upon his family and upon his Companions. I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

 

To proceed:

 

I examined the treatise of the brother Abu Ibraheem Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab Al-Wasaabee entitled “Qawl-ul-Mufeed Fee Adillatit Tawheed” and after careful study I praise Allaah, the One free from all imperfections, since He produced from our Yemeni scholars someone who establishes what Allaah has obligated upon him form the spreading of Tawheed in our Yemeni society which was praised by the Prophet in his saying: “Belief is Yemenite, and wisdom is also Yemenite[2] (i.e. the Yemenites are well-known for their true belief and wisdom).

 

The Prophet also supplicated for Yemen in his saying: “Oh Allaah bless us in our Shaam and in our Yemen.” He said this three times and after every time the people of Najd said: ‘and in our Najd, Oh Messenger of Allaah’ He said: Earthquakes and tribulations (fitnah) are there and from there will rise the horn of Shaytaan.[3]

 

While I studied the book I remembered the saying:

 

The nation of Bid’ah disappeared

And their rope weakened and cut

And collapsed due to the scattering of their gathering

The gathering of Iblees which was gathered.

 

I am optimistic about the defeat of innovations and the innovators and indeed much good has transpired and the Sunnah has become dominant in Yemen confirming the saying of the Prophet:

 

Hadith Ahmad

 

This treatise deserves to be instilled in students in centres of learning due to the much good it contains since it is small in size and large in benefit. So may Allaah bless the efforts of the brother Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab Al-Wasaabee who accomplished this noble deed.

 

We ask Allaah, the One free from all imperfections, the Most High, to grant him success in undertaking the journey to rescue the societies from the superstitions which weaken their strength.

 

I also advise all the scholars of the Sunnah in Yemen to increase their efforts in spreading knowledge, writings and lectures.

And by the Praise of Allaah this book has benefited much and it has been recommended as a syllabus for students in many of the centres for learning the Sunnah. And few will you find on the Sunnah except that this book is in their homes.

 

So may Allaah reward our brother Abu Ibraheem handsomely and benefit Islaam and the Muslims by him.

 

As for Abu Ibraheem then he is: The Shaikh Abu Ibraheem Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab Al-Wasaabee Al-‘Abdalee established upon teaching, writing and calling to Allaah.

 

Allaah has given him patience and full comprehension in all the branches of hadeeth and therefore the ability to judge the authenticity and weakness of the hadeeth, as Ali ibn Al-Madeenee said: “When all the branches of a subject are not understood then its mistakes cannot be clarified.”

 

Our Brother, Abu Ibraheem was assisted upon continuation of the journey in seeking and spreading knowledge by his Zuhd and by his concentration on knowledge and teaching until he, may Allaah preserve him, become a reference and his fatawaa and his statements become dependable, and that is by the Grace of Allaah upon him. And Allaah is the only one to bestow this Grace.

 

His distinguishing characteristics are as follows:

 

  • 1) His intense love for the Sunnah.
  • 2) The importance he gives to Aqeedah (belief).
  • 3) The correct understanding in extracting the benefits from knowledge.
  • 4) Extreme hatred for the detestable partisanship which splits the ranks of the Muslims.
  • 5) When the truth becomes clear to him he bites on to it with his molar teeth and he does not care who opposes him, no matter who it is. This is necessary for the people of knowledge.
  • 6) His extreme love for the people of the Sunnah and his extreme hatred for the innovators.
  • 7) Humility, gentleness, mildness and perseverance for indeed he, may Allaah preserve him, has succeeded in that such that the students of knowledge and the general masses love him dearly

 

I ask Allaah, the Most Great, to benefit the Muslims and Islaam by us and by him. Verily He is Able to do all things.

 

 

Written by

Abu ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waad’ee

 

 

 

 

Chapter One

The Meaning of Laa ilaaha Illa Allaah

 

 

Which is: There is no one who has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and whatever is worshipped besides Allaah then it is done so with falsehood.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

That is because Allaah-He is the Truth and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is falsehood and verily, Allaah- He is the Most High, the Most Great.[4]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

That is because Allaah-He is the Truth and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is falsehood and verily, Allaah- He is the Most High, the Most Great.[5]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So Know (O Muhammad) that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah)…[6]


Chapter Two

The Meaning of Muhammadur-Rasoolullaah

 

 

Which is: There is no one rightfully worthy of being followed except the Messenger of Allaah, may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him and his family and if anyone other than the Messenger of Allaah is followed in that which he has no evidence then verily this following is done so with falsehood.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad) to these idolaters: Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord and follow not any awliyaa (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners in worship with Allaah), besides Him. Little do you remember![7]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

But no, by your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.[8]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allaah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error.[9]

 


Chapter Three

Where is Allaah?

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

The Most Beneficent (Allaah) Istiwaa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits his Majesty).[10]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

He Istawaa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner which suits His Majesty)

 

In six places in the Qur’aan:

 

  • 1) Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):54
  • 2) Soorah Yoonus (10):3
  • 3) Soorah Ar-Ra’d (13):2
  • 4) Soorah Al-Furqaan (25):59
  • 5) Soorah As-Sajdah (32):4
  • 6) Soorah Al-Hadeed (57):4

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And He is the Irresistible (Supreme), above His slaves…[11]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.[12]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

To Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it.[13]

 

From Abu Hurairah, who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “When Allaah Created the Creation He wrote in His Book and it is with Him above the Arsh: Verily My Mercy has preceded My Anger.[14]

 

From Mu’aawiyah bin Al-Hakam As-Salmee who said: “I had a slave-girl who used to herd my sheep. Then one day she was neglectful and a wolf took one of the sheep, and I am a man from the of Children of Aadam, I became upset like they become upset so I slapped her and I went to the Messenger who impressed upon the seriousness of my act”. I said: “Oh Messenger of Allaah should I not set free her.” He said: “Bring her to me.

So I brought her to him and he said to her: “Where is Allaah?” She said: “Above the Heavens (fisammaa).” He said: “Who am I?” She said: “You are the Messenger of Allaah.” He said: “Free her for verily she is a believer.”[15]

 

Chapter Four

The Definition Of Islaam

 

Al-Islaam: It is to submit to Allaah with Tawheed and to yield to Him with obedience and purity from Shirk and Bid’ah (innovation) and their people.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Truly, the religion with Allaah is Islaam.[16]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And I have chosen for you Islaam as your religion.[17]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And turn in repentance and with obedience with true Faith to your Lord and submit to Him before the torment comes upon you, then you will not be helped.[18]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Then die not except in the faith of Islaam.[19]

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And die not except in a state of Islaam.[20]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Do they seek other than the religion of Allaah (the true Islamic Monotheism-worshipping none but Allaah Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures, in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned.[21]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.[22]


Chapter Five

The Five Pillars Of Islaam

 

 

From Abdullaah ibn Umar, who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Islaam is built upon five, the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, to establish the prayer, to give that Zakaat, and Hajj to the house and fasting in Ramadaan.[23]

 

Note: Al-Hajj has proceeded fasting and is agreed upon i.e. that Bukhaari and Muslim both agreed upon it (Muthafaqin’alyhe), and as for fasting preceding Hajj then this occurs in one narration in Muslim.


Chapter Six

The Definition Of Al-Eemaan

 

 

Al-Eemaan is the testification of the tongue, belief in the heart, and actions of the limbs. It increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience.

 

 

The Six Pillars Of Eemaan

 

So know Oh Muslim brother may Allaah grant me and you success with what He loves and what pleases him, that when the Messenger was asked by Jibreel about eemaan, he said: “It is to believe in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, The Last Day, and that you believe in Qadr, its good ands its bad”. So Jibreel said to him: “You have spoken the truth”.[24]

The Proofs for The Increasing Of The Eemaan

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in faith, And they said: “Allaah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).”[25]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

The believers are only those, who when Allaah is mentioned feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their faith and they put their trust in their Lord (alone).[26]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whenever there comes down a Soorah some of them (hypocrites) say: “Which of you has had his faith increased by it?” As for those who believe, it has increased their faith, and they rejoice.[27]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And when the believers saw Al-Ahzaab (the Confederates), they said: “This is what Allaah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allaah and His Messenger had spoken the truth”. And it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allaah).[28]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

He it is Who sent down As-Sakeenah (calmness and tranquillity) into the hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in faith along with their (present) faith.[29]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And that the believers may increase in Faith.[30]

The Proofs for The Decreasing Of The Eemaan

 

From Abu Hurairah who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Eemaan consists of seventy something branches, the highest of them is to say ‘La illaha illAllaah’ and the lowest of the is to remove something harmful from the path and modesty is a branch of eemaan”. [31]

 

From Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah say: “Whoever from you sees an evil then let him change it with his hand and if he is not able to, then with his tongue and if he is not able to do that, then with his heart (i.e. hate it in his heart) and that is the weakest of eemaan.”[32]

 

 

Ehsaan Is A Separate Pillar

 

Then know that when Messenger was asked by Jibreel about Ehsaan: “Al-Ehsaan is that you worship Allaah as if you see Him, for you do not see Him but He sees you.[33]

The Levels Of The Deen Are Three

 

And they are:

 

Al- Islaam                  Al-Eemaan                 Al-Ehsaan

 

 

This arrangement is taken from Muslim in his Book of Eemaan, Vol. (1) pp.36-37 from the hadeeth of ‘Umar.

 


Chapter Seven

The Definition Of Tawheed

 

 

So know Oh Muslim brother, may Allaah grant you and me success, that Tawheed has two fundamental pillars and they are as follows:

 

1) Singling out Allaah Alone for worship.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Alif-Laam-Raa. (This is) a Book, Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge), and then explained in detail from One (Allaah). Who is All-Wise, Well-Aquainted (with all things). (Saying) worship none but Allaah. Verily, I (Muhammad) am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings. [34]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And indeed we sent Nooh to his people (and he said): “I have come to you as a plain warner.” That you worship none but Allaah. Surely I fear for you the torment of a painful day. [35]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And remember (Hood) the brother of ‘Aad, when he warned his people in Al-Ahqaaf (the curved sand-hills in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula). And surely, they have passed away warners before him (saying): “Worship none but Allaah. Truly, I fear for you a torment of a mighty day (i.e. the day of resurrection).”[36]

 

 

2) Singling out the Messenger alone with obedience.

 

So just as we do not worship anyone except Allaah then similarly we do not follow anyone except the Messenger.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “If you (really) love Allaah then follow me. Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”[37]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.[38]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.[39]

 


Chapter Eight

The Evidences Of Tawheed

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And you make mention of your Lord Alone [Laa ilaaha illallaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah) Islamic Monotheism] in the Qur’aan, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.[40]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And when Allaah Alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter are filled with disgust (from the Oneness of Allaah) and when those (whom they obey or worship) besides Him are mentioned, they rejoice![41]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

(It will be said): “This is because, when Allaah Alone was invoked (in worship) you disbelieved (denied), but when partners were joined to Him, you believed! So the judgement is only with Allaah the Most High, the Most Great![42]

 

 

 

From ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Abbaas, that when the Messenger sent Mu’aadh to Yemen he said to him: “Verily you are going to the people from the people of the Book so let the first thing that you call them to be Tawheed of Allaah, the Most High….[43].

 

From Taariq Bin Asheem who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah say: “Whosoever singles out Allaah for worship and disbelieves whatever is worshipped besides Him then He has made his wealth and blood unlawful and his reckoning is with Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.”[44]

 

From Abdullaah ibn Umar who said that the Prophet said: “Islaam is built upon five, upon the Tawheed of Allaah and the establishment of Prayer, the giving of Zakaat and fasting in Ramadaan and Hajj.”[45]

 

I say: In these evidences there is a refutation against the ignorant ones who deny Tawheed.

 

 


Chapter Nine

The Divisions Of Tawheed Are Four

 

 

So know Oh Muslim brother, may Allaah establish you and me upon the Truth, that Tawheed is split into 4 categories and they are:

 

Tawheed Ar-Ruboobeeyah         (Lordship)

Tawheed Al-Ulooheeyah            (Worship)

Tawheed Al-Asmaa was Sifaat  (Names and Attributes)

Tawheed of Following             (Following the Messenger)

 

All of these four divided are present in Soorah Al-Faatihah.

 

The Saying of the Glorious, the Most High:

 

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.[46]

 

In it is Tawheed Al-Asmaa was Sifaat

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

All the Praises are to Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalimeen (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).[47]

 

In it is Tawheed Ar-Ruboobeeyah.

 

 

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. The Owner of the Day of Judgement.[48]

 

In it is also Tawheed AlAsmaa was Sifaat.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

You (Alone) do we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for everything).[49]

 

In it is Tawheed Al-Ulooheeyah.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Guide us to the Straight Path. The path of those upon whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the path) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians).[50]

 

In it is the Tawheed of Following.

 


Chapter Ten

Tawheed Ar-Ruboobeeyah

 

 

Tawheed Ar-Ruboobeeyah is the Tawheed of Allaah in His Actions and its meaning is that Allaah is Alone in Creating, Commanding and Originating basically everything in this universe, from non-existence to existence, without a partner and without a helper.

 

And Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds.[51]

 

And in six place in the Qur’aan which are as follows:

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

All the praises and thanks are to Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalimeen (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).[52]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So the root of the people who did wrong was cut off. And all the praises and thanks are to Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).[53]

 

 

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Their way of request therein will be Subhaanaka Allaahumma (Glory to You, O Allaah!) and Salaam (peace, safety from evil) will be their greetings therein (Paradise)! And the close of their request will be Al-Hamdu Lillaahi Rabbil-‘ Aalameen [All praises and thanks are to Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalimeen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)].[54]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And all praises and thanks are to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).[55]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (of Allaah) from all round, glorifying the praises of their Lord (Allaah). And they (all the creatures) will be judged with truth. And it will be said: “All the praises and thanks are to Allaah, the Lord if the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).”[56]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

He is the Ever Living, Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone. All the praises and thanks are to Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).[57]

 

And Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Indeed your Lord is Allaah, Who created the Heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He rose over (Istawaa) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to his Command. Surely, His is the creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).[58]

 

Chapter Eleven

Tawheed Al-Ulooheeyah

 

 

It is the Tawheed of Allaah in actions of the slaves and its meaning is to direct all types of worship from slaughtering, vowing, supplicating, trusting, fear, hope, repentance, desire, awe and reverence and other than that from the types of worship for Allaah Alone without associating partners with Him.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Worship Allaah and join none with Him (in worship).[59]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him.[60]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And I (Allaah) did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me (Alone).[61]

 

This is the meaning of Ashhadu al-laa ilaaha illAllaah (I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah).

 


Chapter Twelve

Tawheed Of Asmaa Wa Sifaat

 

 

It is that we do not name our Lord except by what He has named Himself with or with what the Messenger has named Him, and we do not describe Him except by what He has described Himself with or what the Messenger has described him with, without Takyeef, Tamtheel, Tahreef or Ta’teel as He, the Most High, said:

 

There is nothing like Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.[62]

 

Rather we affirm for Him every Name and Attribute mentioned in the Book or the authentic Sunnah regarding the Face, which befits the Majesty of our Lord.

 

So we believe that He Hears, Sees and Speaks when He wishes and with what He wishes and that He has made Istiwaa above His Throne in a manner befitting His Majesty, as He, the Most High, said:

 

The Most Gracious (Allaah) rose over (Istawaa) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).[63]

 


Chapter Thirteen

Tawheed Of Following

 

 

It is that we single out the Messenger in following and we do not truly follow anyone except him. Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (Oh Muhammad): “If you (really) love Allaah then follow me. Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Say: “Obey Allaah and the Messenger.” But if they turn away, then away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers.”[64]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.[65]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers way, we shall keep him in the path that he has chosen, and burn him in Hell-what an evil destination![66]

 

This is the meaning of Ashhadu ana Muhamadar Rasoolullah (I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah)

 

Imaam Ibn Abil ‘Izz said in Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahaaweyah (p217):

 

“So it is obligatory to have perfect and complete submission for the Messenger and to have compliance for his command and to accept his information by acceptance in affirmation without us opposing it by false imaginations which we call intellect or we have a doubt or suspicion or we give preference to the opinions of men and the rubbish of there intellects. So we single him out for judgement, submission, compliance and obedience just as we single out the One who sent him (i.e. Allaah) with worship, submission, humility, reverence and trust. So they are the two types of Tawheed. There is no safety for the slave from the punishment of Allaah except by them.

Tawheed of the sender (mursil) and the Tawheed of following the Messenger. So we do not seek for a judgement from other than him and we are not pleased with the ruling by other than him and we do not make carrying out his command and affirming his reports dependent upon the saying of someone’s Sheikh or his Imaam, his faded madhab, his group and whoever glorifies him. So if they permit it him he will carry it out and accept the Messengers report and if they do not permit it for him then he has entrusted the search for Security (i.e. Paradise) to them. And he has abandoned the Messengers command and his reports. Or he changes it from its proper place and he will name his changing as interpretation and postulating so he says: We interpret and postulate.

 

So if a slave were to meet Allaah with every sin except shirk, then it is better for him than to meet Him in this condition. Rather when the authentic hadeeth reaches him he should consider himself as having heard it from the Messenger of Allaah. So is it allowed to delay his acceptance and acting upon it until he subjects it to the opinion of so and so, his speech and his madhab?

Rather it is obligatory to rush to the compliance of the Messenger without turning to other than him. So he does not regard the statement of the Messenger as dubious due to its opposition to the opinion of so and so. Rather he regards the opinion of so and so as dubious in comparison to the statement of the Messenger of Allaah.

 

And he does not subject the statement of the Messenger to analogy, rather we consider the analogies as invalid and we accept his statement and we do not change his words from their true meanings to a false imagination which the people of fantasies call intelligence. Yes the fantasy is unknown and isolated from the truth. And the acceptance of the saying of the Messenger is not dependent upon agreement with so and so, whoever it may be.”

 

 


Chapter Fourteen

The Four Divisions Of The Sunnah

 

 

 

Sunnah of Qawleeyah (sayings) – So whatever the Messenger said, we say it.

 

Sunnah of Fa’leyah (actions) – So whatever he did, we do it.

 

Sunnah of Takreeriyah (approval) – So whatever he approved of, we approve of it.

 

Sunnah of Tarkiyah (abandoning) – So whatever he left, we leave it.

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): If you (really) love Allaah then follow me. Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Say: “Obey Allaah and the Messenger. ” But if they turn away, then away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers.[67]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a fine example to follow.[68]

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.[69]

 


Chapter Fifteen

The Definition Of Ibaadah (Worship)

 

 

Al-Ibaadah is a collective term for everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with, from the sayings and the actions, inwardly and outwardly.

 

 

The Types Of Ibaadah Are Five

 

1) Ibaadah of Belief

It is that the Muslim believes that Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Giver of Life and Death and the Manager of the Affairs of His slaves. The only One Worthy of Worship Alone having no partners in supplication and slaughtering and vows and other than that and that He is the One described with attributes of Majesty and Perfection of Magnificence and Might and other types of belief.

 

2) Ibaadah of Speech

Such as the pronouncement of the ‘Shahaadah’ that ‘there is no one worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is a Messenger of Allaah’ and such as the recitation of the Qur’aan and du’aa and Prophetic supplications and other types of verbal worship.

 

3) Ibaadah of the Body

And that is like the standing and bowing and prostrating in the prayer and such as fasting and the actions of Hajj and Hijrah (migration) and Jihad and other types of bodily worship.

 

4) Ibaadah of the Wealth

Such as Zakat and Sadaqah and other than that.

 

5) Ibaadah of Abandonment

It is that the Muslim abandons all forbidden things and types of Shirk and bid’ahs (innovations) in compliance to what Allaah has legislated so these are from the Ibaadah of Abandonment. The Muslim is rewarded for leaving the Haraam (prohibited) when he leaves it seeking the Face of Allaah.


Chapter Sixteen

The Two Necessary Conditions For The Acceptance Of An Action

 

 

Know Oh Muslim brother, may Allaah guide me and you to holding fast to the Book and the Sunnah, that Allaah does not accept any action from any doer, unless it satisfies two basic conditions:

 

The first: That it is purely for the sake of Allaah, so the one who does it only desires by it the Face of Allaah.

 

He the Most High, said:

 

Verily, we have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad) in truth: So worship Allaah (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allaah’s sake only. Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allaah Alone.[70]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad) Verily, I am commanded to worship Allaah (Alone) by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only.[71]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad) “Allaah Alone I worship by doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only (and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship)”.[72]

 

This is the meaning of “I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.”

 

 

The Second: That it is in conformity with the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah.

 

From ‘Aa’ishah who said that Messenger of Allaah said: “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not from it will have it rejected.[73]

 

And in a narration from Muslim: “Whoever does a deed that is not ordered by us will have it rejected.[74]

 

This the meaning of “I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.”

 


Chapter Seventeen

The Essence Of The Deen Of Islaam

 

 

Know O Muslim brother, may Allaah give me and you success in what He Loves and what Pleases Him, that the Deen of Islaam can be summarised into two basic important and mighty principles and they are as follows:

 

Firstly: That we do not worship anything except Allaah Alone, having no partner.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allaah (Alone), and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords besides Allaah.” Then, if they turn away say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims.”[75]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him.[76]

 

And this is the meaning of “I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.”

 

Secondly: That we do not worship Him except by what He legislated in His Book or in the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad, without innovations and desires.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

[Say (O Muhammad) to these idolaters (pagan Arabs) of your folk:] Follow what has been sent down unto from your Lord and follow not any ‘Awliyaa (protectors and helpers who order you to associate partners in worship with Allaah), besides Him (Allaah). Little do they remember![77]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And whatsoever the Messenger gives you take it and whatsoever he forbids you abstain (from it). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.[78]

 

This is the meaning of “I bear witness the Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.”

 


Chapter Eighteen

The Two Types Of Hypocrisy

 

 

Know Oh Muslim brother, may Allaah save you and me from hypocrisy and evil characteristics, that hypocrisy is divided in two categories and they are as follows:

 

1) Hypocrisy of Belief

2) Hypocrisy of Action

 

 

1) Explanation of the Hypocrisy of Belief

 

So as for the hypocrisy of belief then it is to outwardly demonstrate Islaam whilst inwardly there is Kufr  (disbelief). The individual who practices this type is a Muslim outwardly and a kaafir (disbeliever) and zindeeq (heretic) inwardly and when he dies he is in the lowest depths of the Fire. As Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the fire; no helper will you find for them. Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allaah, and purify their religion for Allaah (by worshipping none but Allaah, and do good for Allaah’s sake only, not to show off) then they will be with the believers. And Allaah will grant the believers a great reward.[79]

 

 

 

2) Explanation of the Hypocrisy of Action

 

As for the hypocrisy of action then it is what is mentioned in these two ahadeeth from the five blameworthy attributes:

 

1) From Abu Hurairah who said, Allaah Messenger said: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: When he speaks he lies. When he promises he breaks the promise. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.[80]

 

2) From ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “There are four characteristics of hypocrisy, whosoever has all of them in him is a true hypocrite, and whoever has in him some of them then he has some part of hypocrisy in him until he leaves it. When he is trusted he proves to be dishonest. When he speaks he lies. When he makes a promise he brakes it. When he disputes he uses evil language.[81]

 

I say: This type of hypocrisy does not expel the individual from the fold of Islaam but it is obligatory to repent from it (and see later in the book).


Chapter Nineteen

The Danger Of Shirk With Allaah

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Verily, Allaah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but he forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills; and whoever sets up partners with Allaah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.[82]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Verily, Allaah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but he forgives whom He wills sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allaah, has indeed strayed far away.[83]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Surely, they have disbelieved who say: “Allaah is the Messiah [‘Isaa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary).” But the Messiah said: “Oh Children of Israel! Worship Allaah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in Worship) with Allaah, them Allaah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no helpers.[84]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Hunafaa Lillaah (i.e. worshipping none but Allaah), not associating partners (in worship) unto Him; and whoever assigns partners to Allaah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.[85]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And (remember) when Luqmaan said to his said to his son when advising him: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allaah. Verily, joining others in worship with Allaah is a great Dhulm (wrong) indeed.[86]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

But if they had joined in worship with others with Allaah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them.[87]

 

 

 

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And indeed it has been revealed to you (Oh Muhammad) as it was to those (Allaah’s Messengers) before you: If you join others in worship of Allaah, (then) surely, (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be amongst the losers. Nay! But worship Allaah (Alone and none else), and be among the grateful.[88]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

And be not of Al-Mushrikoon (those who associate partners with Allaah, e.g. polytheists pagans, idolaters).[89]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

(And remain always turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him; and perform the Prayer and be not of Al-Mushrikoon (the polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah.)[90]

 

 

From Jaabir Ibn Abdullaah who said: A man came to the Prophet and said: “Oh Messenger of Allaah what are the two deeds which have inevitable consequences.” So he said: “Whoever dies without associating anything with Allaah will enter Paradise and whoever dies associating anything with Allaah will enter the Fire.[91]

 

From Jaabir Ibn Abdullah who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah say: “Whoever meets Allaah without associating anything with Him will enter Paradise and whoever meets Him associating with Him will enter the Fire.”[92]


Chapter Twenty

The Categories Of Shirk Are Many

 

 

We will mention 14 types of them:

 

1) Shirk in Ruboobeeyah (Lordship): That is when a person believes that someone other than Allaah creates or sustains or gives life or gives death or other than that from the attributes of Lordship.

 

2) Shirk in Ulooheeyah (Worship): That is when a person believes that someone other than Allaah harms or benefits or cures without permission from Allaah, or other than that from the attributes of Lordship.

 

3) Shirk in the Names and Attributes: That is when a person attributes the creation of Allaah with some of the Attributes particular to Allaah, the Most High. Such as the knowledge of the unseen or other attributes of our Lord, which are particular to Him, the One free from all defects.

 

4) Major Shirk: It is the Shirk of belief and it expels one from the religion.

 

5) Minor Shirk: It is Ar-Riyaa’, showing off, and it does not expel one from the religion, however it is obligatory to repent from it.

 

6) Hidden Shirk: It is that a man acts due to the rank of an another man and it is also Ar-Riyaa’, and it, as we have learnt, does not expel one from the religion however it is obligatory to repent from it.

 

7) Shirk of Belief: It is the Major Shirk and it is a cause for expulsion from the religion, from which we seek the shelter of Allaah.

 

8) Shirk of Action: It is every action which the legislation of Islaam has decreed as shirk such as sacrificing to other than Allaah and vowing to other than Allaah and other than that.

 

 

9) Shirk of Speech: It is every saying which the legislation of Islaam has decreed as Shirk such as swearing by other than Allaah and as some of the people say: ‘I don’t have anything except Allaah and you, and I rely upon Allaah and you, and if in wasn’t for Allaah and so and so’, etc… and other statements of Shirk.

 

10) Shirk of Legislation: It is that a person discards the Book and the Sunnah and takes to the opinions of men and the man-made laws. Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained…[93]

 

11) Shirk of Love: It is that he loves someone other than Allaah as he loves Allaah or greater, Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allaah as rivals (to Allaah). They love them as they love Allaah…[94]

 

12) Shirk of Fear and Dread: This will be discussed in the categories of fear so refer to it.

 

13) Shirk in Intent and Desire: It is that a person desires by his action other than Allaah and he intends by it other than the Face of Allaah.

 

14) Shirk of Obedience: It is that the slave obeys a person in making something Halaal (lawful) which is Haraam (unlawful) or in making something Haraam which is lawful Halaal, Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their Lords besides Allaah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allaah)…[95]

 

 


Chapter Twenty One

Categories Of Fear Are Four

 

 

1) Fear in worship: It is the fear from Allaah Alone having no partner and this type is worship of the heart with which we worship Allaah. He, the Most High, said:

 

But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two gardens (i.e. paradise).[96]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said

 

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lusts. Verily, Paradise will be his abode.[97]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said describing His slaves, the Angels:

 

They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.[98]

 

He, the Most High, said:

 

Those who convey the message of Allaah and fear Him, and fear none save Allaah. And sufficient is Allaah as a Reckoner.[99]

 

2) Shirk of Fear: It is that the slaves fear someone other than Allaah such a Jinn and a dead person or other that, as he fears Allaah or greater. Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Have you not seen those who were told to hold back their hands (from fighting) and perform the Prayer, and give Zakaat, but when the fighting was ordained fear them, behold! A section of them fear men as they fear Allaah or even more…[100]

 

3) Fear causing Disobedience: It is that the slave fears from the people so he leaves the obligatory or commits the Haraam fearing from them without being forced by them to do that act. So this fear causes disobedience. Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

It is only Shaitaan (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his ‘Awliyaa [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah and in His Messenger, Muhammad)]: so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.[101]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…So fear them not, but fear Me![102]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…So fear them not, but fear Me![103]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…Therefore fear not men but fear Me…[104]

 

 

4) The Natural Fear: It is like the fear of the person from the enemy and the beast (wild animal) and the snake and other than that, and this is permissible provided that he does not transgress the boundaries of the natural fear, Allaah, the Most High, said, relating the condition of His slave and His Prophet Moosaa:

 

So he became afraid looking about in the city…[105]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So he escaped from there, looking about in a state of fear…[106]

 

And Moosaa said in:

 

My Lord! Verily, I fear that they will belie me.[107]

 

And Moosaa also said:

 

My Lord! I have killed a man amongst them and I fear that they will kill me.[108]


Chapter Twenty Two

The Categories Of Love Are Four

 

 

  • 1) Love in Worship: It is to love Allaah and to love what is loved by Allaah.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…But those who believe love Allaah more…[109]

 

 

  • 2) Shirk of Love: It is to love something or someone other than Allaah as one loves Allaah or greater.

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allaah. They love them as they love Allaah.[110]

 

3) Love in Disobedience: Such as loving the Haraam and the innovations (bid’ah) and such as loving the people of sinning and innovation and desires and other than that from the loving which opposes the Legislation of Allaah.

 

4) The Natural Love: Such as loving the children and the family and the soul and the wealth and other then that from the ‘Mubaahaat’ (permissible) however it must be natural. But if it distracts a person from obedience to Allaah and he leaves some of the obligatory things then it is the Love of Disobedience. And if it overtakes his life and his heart and he loves them as he loves Allaah or greater, then that is Shirk of Love.


Chapter Twenty Three

The Prohibition Of Supplications To Other Than Allaah

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

They (all those who worship others than Allaah) invoke nothing but female deities besides Him (Allaah), and they invoke nothing but Shaitaan (Satan), a persistent rebel! Allaah cursed him. And he [Shaitaan (Satan)] said: “I will take an appointed portion of your slaves.”[111]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “Shall we invoke others besides Allaah (false deities), that can do us neither good or harm, and shall we turn back on our heels after Allaah has guided us (to true Monotheism)?- like one whom the shayaateen (devils) have made to go astray in the land in confusion, his companion calling him to guidance (saying): ‘Come to us.’ Say: “Verily, Allaah’s guidance is the only guidance, and we have been commanded to submit (ourselves) to the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists);”[112]

 

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said

 

Verily, those whom you call upon besides Allaah are slaves like you. So call upon them and let them answer you if you are truthful.[113]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And those whom you call upon besides Him (Allaah) cannot help you nor can they help themselves.[114]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And invoke not besides Allaah any such that will neither profit you nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers).[115]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

For Him (Allaah, Alone) is the word of truth (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah). And those whom they (polytheists and disbelievers) invoke, answer them no more than one who stretches fourth his hand (at the edge of a deep well) for water to reach his mouth, but it reaches him not: and the invocation of the disbeliever is nothing but an error (i.e. of no use).[116]

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Those whom they (Al-Mushrikoon) invoke besides Allaah have not created anything, but are them selves created. (They are) dead, not alive; and they know not when they will be raised up.[117]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

That is because Allaah, He is the Truth, and that which they invoke besides Him is Al-Baatil (falsehood, Satan and all other deities); and that Allaah, He is the Most High, the Most Great.[118]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily, those whom you call besides Allaah, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatches a thing away from them, they will have no power to release it from the fly, so weak are (both) the seeker and the sought.[119]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allaah, any other ilaah (god), of whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely, Al-Kaafiroon (the disbelievers in Allaah and in the Oneness of Allaah, polytheists, pagans, idolaters) will not be successful.[120]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So invoke not with Allaah another ilaah (god) lest you should be among those who receive punishment.[121]

 

Allaah the Most High said:

 

And invoke not any other ilaah (god) along with Allaah: Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped be He).[122]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

The likeness of those who take (false deities as) Awliyaa’ (protectors, helpers) other than Allaah is the likeness is a spider that builds (for itself) a house: but verily, the Frailest (weakest) of houses is the spider’s house- if they but knew. Verily, Allaah knows what things they invoke instead of Him. He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.[123]

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…Such is Allaah, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmeer (the thin membrane over the date-stone). If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call; and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like Him who is the All-Knower (of everything).[124]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And Verily, if you ask them: “Who created the heavens and the earth?” Surely they will say: “Allaah (has created them).” Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allaah- if Allaah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm? Or if He (Allaah) intended some mercy for me?” Say: “Sufficient for me is Allaah; in Him those who trust (i.e. Believers) must put their trust.”[125]

 

Allaah the Most High said:

 

Say (O Muhammad to those pagans): “Think you about all that you invoke besides Allaah? Show me. What have they created of the earth? Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed before this), or some trace of knowledge (in support of your claims), if you are truthful!” And who is more astray than one which calls on (invokes) besides Allaah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls (invocations) to them? And when Mankind are gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), the (false deities) will become their enemies and will deny their worshipping.[126]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allaah.[127]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “I invoke only my Lord (Allaah Alone) and I associate none as partners with Him.” Say: “It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path”[128]

 

The ayaat on this issue are many.

 

From Nu’maan Bin Basheer who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Supplication is worship.” Then he recited:

 

“And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believes in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation). Verily, those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surly, enter Hell in humiliation.”[129] [130]

 

 

From ‘Abdullah Ibn Abbaas who said that he was riding behind the Messenger of Allaah, who said to him: “Oh young boy, I will teach you some words. Remember Allaah and He will remember you. Remember Allaah and you will find Him supporting you when you ask. Then ask from Allaah and when you seek help then seek help from Allaah. And know if the nations were to unite upon something by which they would benefit you they would not be able to benefit you except by something which Allaah has already prescribed for you. And if the nations were to unite upon something by which they would harm you they would not be able to harm you except by something which Allaah has already prescribed for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages are dry.”[131]

 

Chapter Twenty Four

The Vow Of Worship And Worship Is Not To Be Established Except For Allaah

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whatever you spend for spendings (e.g. Sadaqah-charity for Allaah’s cause) or whatever vow you make, be sure Allaah knows it all. And for the Dhaalimoon (wrongdoers) there are no helpers.[132]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

(Remember) when the wife of ‘Imraan said: “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated to your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your place of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, you are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.”[133]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

…And perform their vows…[134]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

They (are those who) fulfil (their) vows…[135]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And they assign to Allaah a share of the tilth and the cattle which he has created, and they say: “This is for Allaah” according to their claim, “and this is for our (Allaah’s so-called) partners.” But the share of their (Allaah’s so-called) “partners” reaches not Allaah, while the share of Allaah reaches their (Allaah’s so-called) “partners”! Evil is the way they judge![136]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And the assign a portion of that which We have provided them unto what they know not (false deities). Allaah shall certainly question you questioned about (all) that you used to fabricate.[137]

 

From ‘Aishah who said that the Prophet said: “Whoever vows that he will be obedient to Allaah, should remain obedient to Him, and whoever made a vow that he will disobey Allaah, should not disobey Him.”[138]

 

I say: To vow to other then Allaah is a sin so it is not permissible to fulfil it because ‘whoever vows to disobey Allaah then he should not disobey Him.’

 

Chapter Twenty Five

The Prohibition Of Sacrificing For Other Than Allaah

 

 

From ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Allaah has cursed whoever sacrifices to other then Allaah. ”[139]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (Oh Muhammad): “Verily, my Salaat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalimeen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).” He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslim.[140]

 

And He the One free from all imperfections, He, the Most High, said:

 

Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only).[141]

 

I say: It can extracted from these evidences that sacrificing is worship and worship is not to be established except for Allaah and that whoever sacrifices to other than Allaah, be it a Jinn or a grave or other than that, then he is rightfully deserving of the curse of Allaah and banishment form the Mercy of Allaah.

Except if he repents to Allaah, so whoever repents then Allaah will forgive him.

 

Allaah has cursed whoever sacrifices to other then Allaah. ”[142]


Chapter Twenty Six

The Prohibition Of Swearing by Other Than Allaah

 

 

From ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar, that the Messenger of Allaah met ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab while the latter was going with a group of camel-riders, and he was swearing by his father. The Prophet said: “Behold! Allaah forbids you to swear by your fathers, so whoever has to take an oath, he should swear by Allaah or keep quiet.”[143]

 

And also from ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar, who said, Allaah’s Messenger said: “Whosoever wishes to take an oath then he should not take an oath except by Allaah.”[144]

 

From Abu Hurairah who said: Allaah’s Messenger said: “Whoever amongst you swears, (saying by error) in his oath ‘By Al-Laat and Al-Uzzaa’, then he should say, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah.’ And whoever says to his companions, ‘Come let me gamble’ with you, then he must give something in charity (as an expiation for such a sin).”[145]

 

From Buraidah who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Whoever takes an oath by the trust then he is not from us.”[146]

 

I say: From these authentic prophetic evidences is a clarification of the prohibition of taking an oath by other than Allaah. Such as by the trust and by the life or by salt or by honour or by the father, grandfather, the Ka’bah, the Prophet or by brothers or friendship or by colleague-ship or by military rank, to swear by divorce, and other than that instead of Allaah, and taking an oath is not permissible to be established for anyone except Allaah Alone, having no partner.

 

 

Chapter Twenty Seven

Is The Astrologer A Magician?

 

 

From ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbaas, who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Whoever seeks to acquire knowledge from the stars, has acquired a portion from magic, which increases as his seeking increases.”[147]

 

I say: From this hadeeth it is clarified for you that every astrologer is a magician and that as a person increases in astrology he increases in magic. And we seek shelter with Allaah from the magical astronomers.

 

 

Is The Magician A Kaafir?

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

They followed what the Shayaateen (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaimaan (Soloman). Sulaimaan did not disbelieve, but the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allaah’s Permission. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. And if they had believed and guarded themselves from the evil and kept their duty to Allaah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew![148]

 

I say: This noble verse shows with clarity that it is not possible for a person to learn magic except that he commits Kufr, and if he commits Kufr, he will learn it and so on the basis of this noble verse the magician is a Kaafir, we seek refuge with Allaah from Kufr and ilhaad (heresy) and from the actions of the people of the Fire.

 


Chapter Twenty Eight

The Prohibition Of Approaching Soothsayers And Fortune-tellers

 

 

From ‘Aa’ishah who said that some people asked the Prophet regarding the soothsayers. He said: “They are nothing.” They said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, some of their talks come true.” The Prophet said: “That word which happens to be true is what a Jinn snatches away by stealth (from the Heaven) and pours it in the ears of his friend (the fortune-teller) with a sound like the cackling of a hen. The soothsayers then mix with that word, more than one hundred lies.”[149]

 

From Mu’aawiyah bin Al-Hakam As-Salmee who said: I said: “Oh Messenger of Allaah I have just recently come from the period of Ignorance and Allaah brought Islaam. And there are amongst us some men who go to soothsayers.” He said: “So do not go to soothsayers.” I said: “And there are amongst us some men who are superstitious.” He said: “That is a thing which they find in their hearts, so it must not hinder them.[150]

 

From some of the wives of the Prophet, that Prophet said “Whoever approaches a fortune teller, then asks him about something, his prayer is not accepted for forty nights.”[151]

 

 

I say:

 

The Soothsayer: He is the one who informs the people about things from the unseen which have not happened yet, such as Mahdi Ameen the soothsayer and other than him such as the likes of those who inform the people what is in the hearts. And we have already learnt that it is not permissible to go to them and they are upon nothing rather they are upon evil and falsehood.

 

The fortune-teller: He is the one the informs the people about lost objects of persistent search or theft and other than them which have already happened and its affair is hidden to the people so they come to this fortune-teller and he informs them about the places of magical objects, the places of stolen items or the places of lost objects or the name of the thief or magician or other than that from the affairs which have already taken place and are hidden to them. You already know the prohibition of approaching them and that Allaah does not except the prayer of the one who approaches them and asks them, for forty nights as a punishment of the crime they have committed by approaching the soothsayer or the fortune-teller. We seek shelter with Allaah from misguidance after guidance.


Chapter Twenty Nine

The Prohibition of Wearing Amulets

 

 

From ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir Al-Juhanee that some people came to the Messenger of Allaah and he took Bai’ah (Pledge) from nine and left one. So they said: “Oh Messenger of Allaah you took Bai’ah from nine and you left this one.He said: “Verily upon him is an amulet.” so his hand reached out to cut it, then he took Bai’ah from him and said: “Whoever wears an amulet then verily he has committed shirk.”[152]

 

From Abu Basheer Al-Ansaaree who said that he was in the company of the Messenger of Allaah on some of his journeys. The Messenger of Allaah sent a messenger ordering: “There shall not remain any necklace of string or any other kind of necklace round the necks of camels except it is cut off.[153]

 

From Ruwayfa’ Bin Thabit, that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Oh Ruwayfa’ perhaps you will live long after me so inform the people that whoever ties a knot in his beard or wears a string necklace or cleans his private parts with the excrement of animals or bones, then verily Muhammad is free from him.”[154]

 

I say: It can be extracted from these ahadeeth that wearing amulets is prohibited whether it is worn on a person, an animal, a car, a house, a shop, a tree or other than that. Whether that which is worn is a bone, a horn, a horseshoe or hair or asafetda or a twig or a string, iron, brass or an amulet or other than that.  Since they all cause dependence upon other than Allaah, reliance upon other than Allaah, belief in other than Allaah, turning to other than Allaah and faith in other than Allaah and this is Shirk with Allaah, as occurs in this noble prophetic hadeeth:

 

“Whoever wear’s an amulet then verily he has committed shirk.”[155]

 

Here it is clarified to you the danger of reading the following books and they are

 

Shams ul Ma’aarif

Al-Mandal Us-Sulaimaanee

As Saba’ah Al’ahood

Hirz zul Jawshan

Abu Ma’shar al-Falaqee

Nateejat Falaqee Bait Ul-Faqeeah

 

And other books of magic, misguidance and soothsaying and deception. And we seek Allaah’s shelter from disappointment and we ask Him for safety from temptation.


Chapter Thirty

No One Knows The Unseen Except Allaah

 

 

Allaah the Most High said:

 

…Nor will Allaah disclose to you the secrets of the unseen…[156]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allaah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me. ” Say: “Are the blind and the one who sees equal? Will you not then take thought?”[157]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say (O Muhammad): “I possess no power over benefit or hurt to myself except as Allaah’s wills. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe.”[158]

 

Nooh said:

 

And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allaah, “Nor that I know the unseen; nor do I say that I am an angel…”[159]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the unseen except Allaah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”[160]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Then When We decreed death for him [Sulaimaan (Soloman)], nothing informed them (Jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick. So when he fell down, the Jinn saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.[161]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And with Him are the keys of the unseen, none knows them but He…[162]

 

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

…Say: “The unseen belongs to Allaah Alone”…[163]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And to Allaah belongs the unseen of the Heavens and the Earth,…[164]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the unseen, And he reveals none His unseen.[165]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Say: “Allaah knows best how long they stayed. With Him is the unseen of the Heavens and the Earth…”[166]

 

From ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Keys of the unseen knowledge are five, which nobody knows but Allaah:

Nobody knows what will happen tomorrow but Allaah,

Nobody knows what is in the womb but Allaah,

Nobody knows what he will gain tomorrow,

Nobody knows at what place he will die but Allaah,

Nobody knows when it will rain but Allaah.[167]

(Also in another narration “and none knows when the Hour will be established but Allaah”)

 

I say: From these noble verses and the Honourable Prophetic ahadeeth the falsehood of the soothsayer, fortune-teller and the astrologer is clarified for the intelligent reader. From the trickery and the misguidance such as Mahdi Ameen and his companion Al Mawsoof Al Muhaiyah and Qaweer and other than them from the soothsayers, and verily no one knows the unseen except Allaah Alone, having no partners.

 

Chapter Thirty One

The Obligation To Trust In Allaah Alone

 

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allaah, certainly, Allaah loves those who put their trust (in Him).[168]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So turn aside from them (do not punish them), and put your trust in Allaah. And Allaah is Ever All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.[169]

 

Allaah the Most High said:

 

But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allaah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.[170]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And put you trust (Oh Muhammad) in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His praises, and sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves.[171]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Who sees you (O Muhammad) when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajjud prayers)? And your movements among those who fall prostrate (to Allaah in the five compulsory congregational prayers). Verily, He, only He, is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.[172]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

So put your trust in Allaah; Surely, you (Oh Muhammad) are on manifest truth.[173]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And Moosaa (Moses) said: “Oh my people! If you have believed in Allaah, then put your trust in Him if you are Muslim (those who submit to Allaah’s will).” They said: “In Allaah we put our trust. Our Lord! Make us not a trial for the folk who are Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) (i.e. do not make them over power us).” And save us by your Mercy from the disbelieving folk. [174]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Two men of those who feared (Allaah and) on whom Allaah had bestowed His Grace (they were Yoosha’ and Kaalab) said: “Assault them through the gate: for when you are in, victory will be yours; and put your trust in Allaah if you are believers indeed.”[175]

 

Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

Their Messenger said to them: “We are no more than humans beings like you, but Allaah bestows His Grace to whom He wills of His slaves. It is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the permission of Allaah. And in Allaah (Alone) let the believers put their trust.” And why should we not put our trust in Allaah while He indeed guided us our ways? And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us, and in Allaah (Alone) let those who trust, put their trust.[176]

 

And from ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab that he heard the Prophet, say: “If you trusted in Allaah as He should be trusted, He would guarantee your provision as He provides for the birds, they leave hungry and return full.”[177]

 


Chapter Thirty Two

Definition Of Bid’ah (Innovation)

 

Bid’ah is every belief or saying or action which came about after the death of the Prophet with the intention of worship and seeking nearness (to Allaah) without any evidence for it from the Book or from the Sunnah.

 

The Five Categories Of Bid’ah

 

ALL OF THEM ARE MISGUIDANCE AND SOME OF THEM ARE MORE EVILS THAN OTHERS

 

Bid’ah I’atiqaadeeyah

It is every belief opposing the Book and Sunnah.

 

Bid’ah Lafdheeyah

It is every saying which a person utters  [intended] as worship and it is in opposition to the Book and the Sunnah.

 

 

Bid’ah Badaneeyah

It is every movement, which originates from a person [intended] as worship, in opposition to the Book and the Sunnah.

.

 

Bid’ah Maaleeyah

It is every item of wealth, which is spent as worship on things which are in opposition to the Book and the Sunnah.

 

 

 

 

Bid’ah Tarkeeyah

It is everything that is abandoned from the Deen or the permissible and lawful, intended as worship, such as the one who leaves marriage or eating meat intending worship, piety and self denial.

 

 

Be Careful Of Innovation In The Deen

 

From ‘Aa’ishah who said that the Messenger of Allaah said: “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not from it then it is rejected.”[178]

Whoever does a deed which has not been ordered by us then it is rejected[179]

 

From Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah who said when Allaah’s Messenger used to give a sermon he would say: “…Verily the best speech is the Book of Allaah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad and the worst of the affairs are the newly invented matters (and every newly invented matter is an innovation) and every innovation is misguidance (and every misguidance is in the fire).”[180]

 

Reflect Oh Muslim brother upon these two Noble Prophetic authentic ahadeeth which have been taken from the Prophetic lamp. If you were to study them carefully then you would find them a cure for you, if Allaah wills, from every innovation introduced to the Deen.

 

This is because the Messenger ruled that every innovation was misguidance and he did not say some of them rather he said ‘every’ and ‘every’, Oh Muslim, is from the words which apply generality and totality.

And similarly is his saying: ‘Whoever does a deed which has not been ordered by us then it is rejected,’ that is to say it is not accepted and he did not say ‘according to the intention of the one who did it,’ rather he ruled it to be rejected.

 

So if someone were to say to you that not every Bid’ah is misguidance and not every action introduced to the Deen is rejected then say to him: ‘Who is more knowledgeable than you or the Messenger and who is more fearful of Allaah you or the Messenger? So if he agrees with the meaning of these two hadeeth and he believes in them and acts upon what is in them then no problem.

 

If he does not cease to be persistent upon his saying that not every innovation is misguidance and not every newly invented matter is rejected then say to him: “Verily the Messenger said in part of the hadeeth: “Every innovation is misguidance” and he said: “Whoever does a deed which has not been ordered by us then it is rejected,” and you say in the other part ‘not every Bid’ah is misguidance and not every newly invented action is rejected.’

 

So say to him: “This is from you, in opposition to the Messenger”, and remind him of the saying of Allaah, the One free from all imperfections, the Most High:

 

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and followers other than the believers way, we shall keep him in the path that he has chosen, and burn him in Hell-what an evil destination![181]

 

Oh Allaah allow us to die upon the Book and the Sunnah and protect us from all the innovations, Oh Lord of the Worlds.

 


Chapter Thirty Three

The Ruling Of Building Shrines And Morceliums Upon The Graves

 

From Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah who said that the Messenger of Allaah prohibited plastering of the graves and sitting upon it and building upon it.[182]

 

From ‘Abu Al-Heyaaj Al-Asdey who said ‘Ali Ibn Abi Taalib said to me: “I am dispatching you upon what the Messenger dispatched me upon that “you do not leave statues except you deface it nor a grave raised except you level it[183]

 

The following can be taken from these two ahadeeth

 

  • Prohibition on building upon graves.
  • Prohibition of plastering on graves.
  • Prohibition of sitting upon graves.
  • Prohibition of pictures of those things which have a soul.
  • The obligation to deface pictures/statues (shapes) of those things which have a ruh (soul).
  • The obligation to destroy whatever which is built upon the graves greater than a hand-span.

 

Allammah Shawkaani, may Allaah, the Most High, have Mercy upon him, said:

 

“And when you will accept this then you will know that raising the graves and placing shrines, mosques and tombs over them has sometimes been cursed by the Messenger of Allaah, as has preceded, and at other times he said: “Allaah’s most severe anger is upon a nation who took the graves of their prophets as places of worship (masjids).

 

So then he supplicated against them for the severe anger of Allaah to be upon them due to this disobedience and sinful act which they committed. And that is established in the Saheeh (Al-Bukhaari).

 

Sometimes he prohibited from doing that, and sometimes he dispatched people to destroy them. Sometimes he made it an action of the Jews and Christians and at other times he said: “Do not take my grave as an idol.” And at other times: “Do not take my grave of a place for often returning.” Which is: seasonally gathering at it, as many of the slaves of the graves do, they make for those who they believe in, from the dead, times well known, and they gather at their graves they devote their rituals to them and they busy themselves with them.

 

As everyone from the mankind knows from the actions of these deserters, those who abandoned the worship of Allaah the One who Created them and Provided for them, then He will cause them to die and then give them life again, is that they worship a slave from the slaves of Allaah, who is buried under the ground, unable to bring himself harm or defend himself, just the Messenger of Allaah said, regarding what Allaah ordered him to say:

 

Say (Muhammad): “I posses no power over benefit or hurt to myself except as Allaah wills.”[184]

 

So see how the Chief of Mankind and the best of Allaah’s creation said by the Command of his Lord, that verily he is not able to harm or benefit himself and thus he said in what is authentically reported from him: “Oh Faatimah, daughter of Muhammad, I cannot avail you anything from Allaah.” So when this was the statement of the Messenger of Allaah, from himself regarding his most special close relative and the most beloved to him, than what do you think about the rest of the dead, who are not infallible Prophets or sent Messengers. Rather the utmost degree that is with one of them is that he is a individual from the individuals of the Ummah of Muhammad and one of the people of this Islamic religion.

 

So he is unable to benefit and repel harm from himself so how can he be able to do something that the Messenger of Allaah was incapable of, and he informed his Ummah of that as is reported from him and he was ordered to say to the people that he was not able to harm or benefit himself and he was not able to avail his most special and beloved relative from Allaah?

 

It is amazing! So how can even someone with little knowledge or a smaller part of perception expect to obtain benefit or harm from an individual from the individuals of the Ummah of the Prophet who said this statement regarding himself? And the actuality is that he is an individual from his followers, those who follow his Sharee’ah.

 

So have your ears heard (may Allaah guide you) of a misguided intellect that is greater than this misguidance which has occurred amongst the slaves of the inhabitants of the graves.

 

 “Truly, to Allaah we belong and Truly, to Him we shall return.”[185]

 


Chapter Thirty Four

The Prohibition Of Praying Towards The Graves

 

 

From Abu Murrthad Al-Ghanaweey who said the Messenger of Allaah said: “Do not pray towards the graves and do not sit upon them.”[186].

 

I say: The text is clear regarding the prohibition of praying towards the graves and regarding the prohibition of sitting upon them as this is a fundamental principle: “The principle regarding forbidding is prohibition except for something to change that” and there is nothing to change it here. So the people who oppose the commands of Allaah and the commands of the Messenger of Allaah should fear Allaah and they should remember the saying of Allaah the One free from all imperfections, Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers way, we shall keep him in the path that he has chosen, and burn him in Hell-what an evil destination![187]

 

 

 

 

Chapter Thirty Five

The Ruling Regarding The Annual Visiting Of Some Appointed Graves

 

 

Question: Are these yearly visits of some of the appointed graves and that which occurs in them of the dancing and free mixing and other than that from the types of evil established by the Law Maker?

 

The Answer: Allaah is the One who gives success to that which is correct. Verily these yearly visits to some of the appointed graves and that which occurs in them of the dancing and free mixing and other than that from the types of evil are not established by the Law Maker.  Rather they are from the newly invented affairs of the Deen and the evil customs for which Allaah has not sent down authority.

 

So it is obligatory upon those in authority, may Allaah strengthen us and them upon the truth, and the scholars, may Allaah grant us and them success, to change the like of this ugly evil which calls to deterioration of morals and the ethics of Islaam.

 

The evidences for warning and taking care from innovations have already been mentioned so refer to that.  And these are from the innovations which have been assigned a time and a place and a grave without evidence from the Sharee’ah and verily associated to it are some evils and Shirk, and shelter is sought with Allaah.

 

Then know may Allaah grant you and me success that visiting the graves is divided into three categories, and they are as follows.

 

  • A legislated visiting (Shareeah).
  • An innovated visiting (Bideeyah).
  • A visiting of Shirk (Shirkiyah).

So as for the legislated visiting then it is that which Islaam has legislated with two following conditions:

 

1) That a journey is not undertaken to them. From Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri who said that Allaah’s Messenger said: “Do not undertake a journey except to three Masjids, this Masjid of mine, the Masjid Al-Haram and the Masjid Aqsa.”[188]

 

2) That the visitor does say use obscene language. From Buraidah who said that Allaah’s Messenger said: “I used to prohibit you from visiting the graves so visit them.”[189].

 

I used to prohibit you from visiting the graves so whoever desires to visit then let him visit and do not utter obscene language.”[190]

 

And his saying: “And do not utter obscene language”, and obscene language is evil talk and refer to an-Nihaayah of Ibn Ul-Atheer 5/245.

 

I say: So look, may Allaah have mercy upon you, how the Messenger prohibited us from evil and false speech upon visiting the graves. And which speech is more evil and false than to call upon the dead instead of Allaah and to seek aid from them instead of Allaah. And this, by Allaah, is the utmost evil and falsehood, rather the affair is as Allaah, the Most High, said:

 

But most of mankind know not.[191]

 

 

 

He, the Most High, said this in ten places in the Noble Qur’aan and they are:

 

  • Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):187
  • Soorah Yoosuf (12):21
  • Soorah Yoosuf (12):40
  • Soorah Yoosuf (12):68
  • Soorah An-Nahl (16):38
  • Soorah Ar-Room (30):6
  • Soorah Ar-Room (30):30
  • Soorah Saba’ (34):28
  • Soorah Saba’(34):36
  • Soorah Ghaafir (40):57
  • Soorah Al-Jaathiyah (45):26

 

 

And Allaah has Spoken Truthfully since He said:

 

And most of them believe not in Allaah except that they attribute partners with Him [i.e. they are Mushrikoon i.e. polytheists].[192]

 

As for the innovated visiting it is that which is missing a condition from these two conditions, let alone many more.

 

As for the visiting of Shirk then it is that which a person falls into a type from the types of Shirk with Allaah such as supplicating to other than Allaah or sacrifice to other than Allaah or vowing by other than Him or seeking aid by other than Allaah, or by seeking help by other than Allaah, and seeking shelter with other than Allaah.

 

Chapter Thirty Six

The Ruling Regarding Making The Graves Into Roads, Playing fields And Car Parks

 

 

Question: Is it permissible to make graveyards into roads and car parks and to build shops upon them and other types of insults?

 

Answer: Allaah is the One who grants success. Verily insult and oppression is prohibited whether that it is upon the living or upon the dead. Rather it is more severely prohibited upon the dead due to the noble prophetic hadeeth, from Abu Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger said: “That one of you should sit upon hot coals and thereby burn his clothes and then his skin is better for him than sitting upon a grave.[193]

 

I say: Based upon this hadeeth, it is not permissible for a Muslim who believes in Allaah and that Last Day to harm his Muslim brother, be he living or be he dead.

 

And it is upon the state authorities to prevent the oppression of those who take the graveyards as roads and market and places of sitting from arising and it is upon the scholars to clarify the truth that is with them and Allaah is the One who Grants success.

 

 

Chapter Thirty Seven

The Prohibition Of Harming The Muslims

 

 

Imaam Tirimidhi said in his Jaami’ah[194]: Narrated Yahyaa bin Aktham and Jaarood bin Mu’aadh who said that Al-Fadal bin Moosaa narrated to us from Hussayn Bin Waaqid, from Owfee Bin Dhalham from Naafa’ from Ibn ‘Umar who said the Messenger, ascended the mimbar and called out with a loud voice and said: “Oh gathering, who submit with you tongues and eemaan has not entered your hearts, do not harm the Muslims, do not insult them and do not pursue their mistakes. For verily the one who pursues the mistakes of his Muslim brother, then Allaah will pursue his mistakes and whoever’s mistakes are pursued by Allaah then He will expose him even if he was on the inside of his camels saddle.

 

 

The Narrators Of The Chain

 

Yahyaa bin Aktham: He is the Jurist (faqeeh), the Qaadi (Judge), and in Taqhreeb he is truthful and for sayings about him see Tahdheeb.[195] However he is mentioned with Jaarood bin Mu’aadh. Nisaa’i relied upon him as occurs in Tahdheeb.[196]

 

Al-Fadal bin Moosaa more than one of the Muhaditheen relied upon him.

 

Hussayn bin Waaqid: Judge of Merw (town in Turkmenistan), Yahyaa bin Ma’een relied upon him and Abu Zur’ah and Nisaee’, said: No problem with him.[197]

 

Owfee Bin Dhalham: Nisaa’i relied upon him.[198]

 

Naafa’: The servant of ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar and in it says in Taqreeb, trustworthy, reliable, faqeeh (person of understanding)

 

Ibn ‘Umar he is ‘Abdullah, a Companion son of a Companion.

 

I say: So the hadeeth is Saheeh and all Praise is due to Allaah. It contains a prohibition of insulting the Muslims and pursuing their mistakes.

 

Chapter Thirty Eight

The Categories Of Abodes And The Categories Of Their People

 

 

The abodes are three:

 

  1. Abode of the Dunyaa
  2. Abode of the Barzakh
  3. Abode of the Aakhirah

 

The people of these above can be divided into three categories and each category can be divided into further categories and they are:

 

 

  1. Muminoon (Believers) and they are of categories
  2. Munaafiqoon (Hypocrites) and they are of categories
  3. Kaafiroon (Disbelievers) and they are of categories

 

 

 


Chapter Thirty Nine

The Believers Are Of Two Types

 

 

  1. The Saabiqoon and they are the Muqariboon (the close ones).

 

  1. The As-Haabul Yameen and they are the Abraar (the righteous) see page 17 for the proofs for the increasing of Eemaan for those two types.

 


Chapter Forty

Hyprocisy

 

 

Hypocrisy is of two types:

 

1-‘Itiqaadee (of Belief)                          2- ‘Amalee (of Action)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Akbar (the Major)                            2- Asghar (the Minor)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Expells one from the religion           2- Does not expel one from

the religion.

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Hypocrisy of Kufr                            2-Hypocrisy of action [199]

 

 

And as for the hypocrisy of belief then it is the Major and it expels one from the religion and it is the hypocrisy of kufr and it is that the one who does it gives the appearance of Islaam, on the outside and hides kufr inside. As for the hypocrisy of action it is the lesser and it does not expel one from the religion and it has categories:

 

 

  1. When he speaks, he lies.
  2. When he promises he breaks then.
  3. When he is trusted, he proves to be disloyal.
  4. When he makes a treaty, he breaks it.
  5. When he disputes, he sins.
  6. He does not take part in military expedition

 

 

The Munaafiqoon Are Of Two Types

 

  1. The pure hypocrite
  2. The hypocrite who has a branch of hypocrisy[200]

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter Forty One

Kufr

 

Kufr is of two types:

 

1-‘Itiqaadee (of Belief)                          2-‘Amalee (of Action)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Akbar (the Major)                            2-Asghar (the Minor)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Expells one from the religion           2- Does not expel one from

the religion

 

 

So as for the kufr of belief it is major and expels one from the religion and its types:

 

  1. Kufr ut-Takdheeb. (Kufr of denial)
  2. Kufr ul-Jahood. (Kufr of unbelief)
  3. Kufr ul-Inkaar. (Kufr of rejection)
  4. Kufr ul-Istihzaa’ Wassakhreeyah. (Kufr of mockery and scorn)
  5. Kufr al-`Ibaa. (Kufr of pride)
  6. Kufr al-‘Inaad. (Kufr of opposition)
  7. Kufr al-`Ilh (Kufr of deviation)
  8. Kufr ush-Shirk. (Kufr of associating)
  9. Kufr ush-Shak. (Kufr of doubt)
  10. Kufr ul-I’raa (Kufr of avoidance)
  11. Kufr un-Nifaaq. (Kufr of hypocrisy)
  12. Kufr uz-Zandaqah.[201] (Kufr of heresy)
  13. Kufr ul-Muwaalah li-‘Adaail Islaam. (Kufr of companionship to

the enemies of Islaam)

  1. Kufr ur-Ridah. (Kufr of apostasy)
  2. Kufr al-Munajimeen was-Saharah. (Kufr of astrology and

magic)

 

Note:

 

The evidences regarding that which has been mentioned of abodes, the categories of their people are many and well known. As for the Kufr of action it is lesser, it does not expel on from the religion and its types are:

 

  1. Kufr un-Ni’mah (Kufr of blessing)
  2. Kufr ul-`Ikhoowah             (Kufr of brotherhood)
  3. Kufr ul-‘Ashrah (Kufr of relationships)
  4. Kufr utTa’a fil `Ansaab (Kufr of slandering in kin-ship)
  5. Kufr un-Niyaahah ‘alal Mait (Kufr of mourning over the dead
  6. Kufr ur-Raghbah an `al-Abu (Kufr of disobedience of the parents)

 

 

The Kufaar Are Of Two Types

 

  1. Kufaar `Asliyoon (the original disbelievers)
  2. Kufaar Murtadoon (Reverted disbelievers)

 

There are also of another two types:

 

  1. Kufaar who call to Kufr.
  2. Kufaar who blindly follow.


Chapter Forty Two

Shirk

 

 

Shirk is of two types:

 

1-‘Itiqaadee (of Belief)                          2- ‘Amalee (of Action)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Akbar (the Major)                            2-Asghar (the Minor)

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Expells one from the religion           2- Does not expel one from

the religion.

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Shirk of Kufr            (disbelief)                   2-Shirk of ‘Aml (Action)

 

 

As for Shirk of disbelief it is Major and it expels one from the religion and it is of  3 types:

 

  • Shirk in
  • Shirk in `Ulooheeyah.
  • Shirk in Asmaa was Sifaat.

 

And as for the Minor Shirk it is of action, it does not expel one from the religion, and also has types and they are:

 

 

  1. Shirk of showing off and publicity
  2. Hidden Shirk
  3. The verbal shirk[202]

 

 

 

Chapter Forty Three

Innovation

 

 

Bid’ah is of two types:

 

1- Major.                                              2- Lesser.

 

 

And if you wish the say:

 

1-Mukafirah (of Kufr)                          2-Mufassiqah (of sin).

 

 

And if you wish then say:

 

1-Expels one from the religion.                       2-Does not expel one

from the religion.

 

 

As for the Major Bid’ah then it is of Kufr as it expels from the religion, and it is the one by which the one who does it reaches to the extent of Kufr.

 

As for the lesser Bid’ah it is Mufassiqah, and it does not expel one from the religion, and it is the one by which the one who does it, does not reach to the extent of Kufr.

 

 

The Innovators are of two types:

 

1-Caller to the innovation.                              2-Those who do not

call to it.

 

CONCLUSION

 

With this, I will suffice and I ask Allaah that He make this and every action of mine purely for His Noble Face. And that He unites the Muslim upon the Book and the Sunnah and that He aids the truth ands its people and that He opposes falsehood and its people and that He grants the Muslims understanding to act upon the Deen.

 

May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon His Slave and Messenger Muhammad and his Noble Companions.

 

How perfect You are, and I praise You. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and I turn to You in repentance.

 

Sana’, Yemen

 

23rd Jumada Al-Awwal 1406H

 

Author

 

Abu Ibraheem

Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahaab bin ‘Ali Al-Wasaabee Al-‘Abdalee

 

 

 

[1] Soorah Ash-Shu’araa: 88-89.

[2] Reported by Bukhaari and Muslim.

[3] Reported by Bukhaari and Muslim.

[4] Soorah Al-Hajj (22):62

[5] Soorah Luqmaan (31):30

[6] Soorah Muhammad (47):19

[7] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):3

[8] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):65

[9] Soorah Al-Ahzaab (33):36

[10] Soorah Taa Haa (20):5

[11] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):18,61

[12] Soorah An-Nahl (16):50

[13] Soorah Faatir (35):10

[14] Reported by Bukhaari, The Book of How Creation began. 4/73

[15] Reported by Muslim, The book of the Mosques and in the place of prayer. 1/382

[16] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3):19

[17] Soorah Al-Maa’idah (5):3

[18] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):54

[19] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):132

[20] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan(3): 102

[21] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan(3): 83

[22] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan(3): 85

[23] Reported by Bukhaari in the Book of Eemaan, and Muslim in the Book of Eemaan.

[24] Reported by Bukhaari in Kitaabul Imaan 1/18 and he used it in the Tafseer of Soorah Luqmaan(6ý): 20-21, Muslim in Kitaab-ul Eemaan 1/39-40

[25] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3):173

[26] Soorah Al-Anfaal (8):2

[27] Soorah At-Taubah (9):124

[28] Soorah Al-Ahzaab (33):22

[29] Soorah Al-Fath (48):4

[30] Soorah Al-Muddaththir (74):31

[31] Reported by Bukhaari in Kitaabul Imaan.1/8 and Muslim, Kitaabul Imaan. Chapter 12, volume 1/63, the wording is of Muslim.

[32] Reported by Muslim , Kitaabul Imaan, chapter 20-1/69

[33] Reported by Bukhaari, Kitaabul Imaan,1/18

[34] Soorah Hood (11):1-2

[35] Soorah Hood (11):25-26

[36] Soorah Al-Ahqaaf (46):21

[37] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3):31

[38] Soorah Al-Hashr (59):7

[39] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):65

[40] Soorah Al-Israa (17):45

[41] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):45

[42] Soorah Ghaafir (40):12

[43] Reported by Bukhaari, Kitaabut Tawheed, 8/164, the wording is his.

[44] Reported by Muslim, Kitaabul Imaan 1/53, Ahmad,  3/472

[45] Reported by Muslim, Kitaabul Imaan vol.5, 1/45

[46] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):1

[47] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):2

[48] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):3-4

[49] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):5

[50] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):6-7

[51] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):2

[52] Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):2

[53] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):45

[54] Soorah Yoonus (10):10

[55] Soorah As-Saaffaat (37):182

[56] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):75

[57] Soorah Ghaafir (40):65

[58] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):54

[59] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):36

[60] Soorah Al-Israa (17):23

[61] Soorah Adh-Dhaariyaat (51):56

[62] Soorah Ash-Shoora (42):11

[63] Soorah Taa-Haa (20):5

[64] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3):31-32

[65] Soorah Al-Hashr (59):7

[66] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):115

[67] Soorah Ale-‘Imraan (3):31-32

[68] Soorah Al-Ahzaab (33):21

[69]  Soorah Al-Hashr (59):7

[70] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):2-3

[71] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):11

[72] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):14

[73] Reported by Bukhaari in Salat, 167/3 and Muslim, in Aqdiyah 1343/3

[74] Reported by Muslim 3/1344

[75] Soorah Ale-‘Imraan (3):64

[76] Soorah Al-Israa (17):23

[77] Soorah Al-‘Araaf (7):3

[78] Soorah Al-Hashr (59):7

[79] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):145-146

[80] Reported by Bukhaari in Kitaabul Imaan 1/14. Muslim Kitaabul Imaan 1/78-79, Muslim has an extra edition ‘and verily he fasts and prays and claims that he is a Muslim ‘

[81] Reported by Bukhaari in Kitaabul Imaan 1/14 and the wording is his. Muslim Kitaabul Imaan 1/78

[82] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):48

[83] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):116

[84] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):72

[85] Soorah Al-Hajj (22):31

[86] Soorah Luqmaan (31):13

[87] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):88

[88] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):65-66

[89] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):14, Yoonus (10):105, Al-Qasas (28):87.

[90] Soorah Ar-Room 31

[91] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Imaan, chapter 40 (1/94)

[92] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Imaan, chapter 40 (1/94)

[93] Soorah Ash-Shoora (42):21

[94] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2)165

[95] Soorah At-Taubah (9):31

[96] Soorah Ar-Rahmaan (55):46

[97] Soorah An-Naazi’aat (79):30-31

[98] Soorah An-Nahl (16):50

[99] Soorah Al-Ahzaab (33):39

[100] Soorah An-Nisaa’ (4):77

[101] Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3):175

[102] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):150

[103] Soorah Al-Maa’idah (5):3

[104] Soorah A-Maa’idah (5):44

[105] Soorah Al-Qasas (28):18

[106] Soorah Al-Qasas (28):21

[107] Soorah Ash-Shu’araa (26):12, Al-Qasas (28):34

[108] Soorah Al-Qasas (28):33

[109] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):165

[110] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):165

[111] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):117-118

[112] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):71

[113] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):194

[114] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):197

[115] Soorah Yoonus (10):106

[116] Soorah Ar-Ra’d (13):14

[117] Soorah An-Nahl (16):20-21

[118] Soorah Al-Hajj (22):62, Luqmaan (31):30

[119] Soorah Al-Hajj (22):73

[120]Soorah Al-Mu’minoon (23):117

[121] Soorah Ash-Shu’araa’ (26):213

[122] Soorah Al-Qasas (28):88

[123] Soorah Al-‘Ankaboot (29):41-42

[124] Soorah Faatir (35):13-14

[125] Soorah Az-Zumar (39):38

[126] Soorah Al-Ahqaaf (46):4-6.

[127] Soorah Al-Jinn (72):18

[128] Soorah Al-Jinn (72):20-21

[129] Soorah Ghaafir (40):60

[130] Reported by Abu Daawood in the Book of Prayer. 2/67-77

[131] Reported by Tirmidhi in the descriptions of the Day of Judgement chapter 59 (4/667) and Ahmed 1/293 with the Hasan (good) chain

[132] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):270

[133] Soorah Ale-‘Imraan (3):35

[134] Soorah Al-Hajj (22):29

[135] Soorah Al-Insaan (76):7

[136] Soorah Al-An’aam(6):136

[137] Soorah An-Nahl (16):56

[138] Reported by Bukhaari in the Book of Imaan and Vows 7/233, 234

[139] Reported by Muslim in the end of the Book of Sacrifices 3/1567

[140] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):162-163

[141] Soorah Al-Kauthar (108):2

[142] Reported by Muslim in the end of the Book of Sacrifices 3/1567

[143] Reported by Bukhaari in Kitaabul Imaan 8/641

[144] Reported by Muslim Kitaabul Imaan 3/1267

[145] Reported by Bukhaari Kitaabul Imaan 7/222 and Muslim in Kitaabul Imaan 31267-1268

[146] Reported by Abu Daawood Kitaabul Imaan 3/223, with a Sahih Isnaad

[147] Reported by Abu Daawood Kitaabul Imaan chapter 22, 4/16 and Ibn Maajah Chapter on Morals (28), 2/1228 and Ahmad 1/227,311 with a Sahih Isnaad.

[148] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):102-103

[149] Reported by Bukhaari in 3 places:

1.Chapter on xxx 46  7/28

2.Chapter on Manners 117  7/122

3.Chapter on Tawheed 57  8/218

Muslim Kitaabul Islaam 4/1750

[150] Reported by Muslim in Mosques and the places of Prayer ch. 7 1/381-382

[151] Reported by Muslim Kitaabul As-Salaam Chapter 35   4/1751

[152] Reported by Ahmad 4/156 with a Hasan Isnaad

[153] Reported by Bukhaari 4/18 (4/249?)

[154] Reported by Nisaa’i in Kitaabul Zeenah 8/135-136 with a Sahih Isnaad.

[155] Reported by Ahmad 4/156 with a Hasan Isnaad

[156] Soorah Ale-‘Imraan (3):176

[157] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):50

[158] Soorah Al-‘Araaf (7):188

[159] Soorah Hood 31

[160] Soorah An-Naml (27):65

[161] Soorah Saba’ (34):14

[162] Soorah Al-An’aam (6):59

[163] Soorah Yoonus (10):20

[164] Soorah Hood (11):123

[165] Soorah Al-Jinn (72):62

[166] Soorah Al-Kahf (18):26

[167] Reported by Bukhaari in four places 2/23,5/193,6/21,8/165-166,2/52

[168] Soorah Ale-‘Imraan (3):159

[169] Soorah An-Nisaa’ (4):81

[170] Soorah An-Anfaal (8):61

[171] Soorah Al-Furqaan (25):58

[172] Soorah Ash-Shu’araa (26):218-220

[173] Soorah An-Naml (27):79

[174] Soorah Yoonus (10):84-86

[175] Soorah Al-Maa’idah (5):23

[176] Soorah Ibraheem (14):11-12

[177] Reported by Tirimidhi in Chapter of Zuhd 33 (4/573) and Ibn Maajah Chapter of Zuhd 14 (2/1394) and Ahmad 1/30 and the wording is his.

[178] Reported by Bukhaari in the chapter of Prayer (3/761), Muslim 3/1343

[179] Reported by Muslim 3/1344

[180] Reported by Muslim Chapter of Jum’ah and Nisaa’i in Chapter of the two ‘Eids and the two additions are found with him.

[181] Soorah An-Nisaa’ (4):115

[182] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Janaaiz 2/667

[183] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Janaaiz 2/666

[184] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):188

[185] Soorah Al-Baqarah (2)156

[186] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Janaaiz (33) 2/667

[187] Soorah An-Nisaa (4):115

[188] Reported by Muslim in the Book of Hajj 2/976

[189] Reported by Muslim in Kitaabul Janaaiz 2/672

[190] Reported by Nisaa’i in Kitaabul Janaaiz 1 (4/89) with this wording.  With a Saheeh Isnaad.

[191] Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):187

[192] Soorah Yoosuf (12):106

[193] Reported by Muslim Kitaabul Janaaiz 33 (2667)

[194] Jaami’ah 4/331 number 2032

[195] Tahdheeb 11/79

[196] Tahdheeb 2/53

[197] Tahdheeb 2/373

[198] Tahdheeb 1/385

[199] Siyaar of Dhahabee 11/363

[200] See the Chapter on Hypocrisy.

[201] See Sharh AtTahaaweeyah page 342

[202] See Chapter on the Types of Shirk